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The Egyptian Deities
The Animals of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egyptian Food
The Flowers, Herbs, and Trees of Ancient Egypt
Perfumes and Cosmetics
Gemstones and Materials
Quotes from the Book of the Dead
A Dictionary of Egyptian Hieroglyphics
Timeline of Ancient Egypt
egyptian deities - h
Hapy, Ahephi, Hap, Hep
Meaning of Name:
“Running One,” probably referring to the current of the Nile.
“Lord of the
of the Marshes"
("The Great Nile")
“Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation”
Hapi’s wives were thought to be
. Occasionally he was said to be the father of
Hapi is ancient not only to us of the modern world, but to the Egyptians as well. In fact,
, the root of Hapi's name, is probably an ancient name for the Nile. Since the river provided the essentials for life in the desert, Hapi, as its patron, symbolized the fullness of life. The annual flooding of the Nile was sometimes referred to as the “Arrival of Hapi” - the inundation was also referred to as a "large" or "small" Hapi.
All creatures were said to rejoice at his arrival:
, the inundation, statues of Hapi were carried about through the towns and villages so that the people could honor and pray to him. A great deal of hymns were composed in honor of this god. Hapi’s life-giving waters were also credited with a role in reviving the murdered god
, who came back each year with the
. A text records that 1,089
were sacrificed to Hapi as thanks for a good harvest.
Though obviously male and with a
, Hapi was pictured with full breasts, long hair, and a large belly, as representations of the fertility of the Nile. His skin was
, and he was always adorned with marsh flowers such as
plants. Hapi was often pictured carrying offerings of food or giving libations of water from a vase, and attended to by river-spirits in the form of
A popular depiction of Hapi was two figures binding together a
plant – representing the union of
. As a god of the northern Nile, Hapi was depicted wearing
plants, a symbol of
, on his head. In this form, he was called "Hapi-Meht." The Nile-god of
was "Hapi-Reset" and wore
plants (a symbol of the south) on his head.
Very rarely Hapi was pictured as a man with a double-
head, or as a
. Even Akhenaten, the "heretic king," could not banish Hapi completely as he did with the other gods. Instead, he tried to suggest that Hapi was an incarnation of the
and Holy Days:
September 28th (Creation of the Nile: Feast of Hapi)
December 15th (Rituals in the Temple of Hapi)
Quotes from the
Book of the Dead
and other sources:
Hymns of Hapi
Egyptian Deities - H
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