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Monday, January 16

  1. 9:26 pm
  2. page Aten edited ... The new city was hemmed in by mountains with a desert beyond, creating a claustrophobic atmosp…
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    The new city was hemmed in by mountains with a desert beyond, creating a claustrophobic atmosphere, and the whole site has been compared to a concentration camp. The city led an isolated existence, closely guarded by Nubian and Asiatic mercenaries. When members of the royal family went in their chariots outside the city limits they were surrounded by running soldiers, and all the countryside around was regularly policed by military patrols. Tomb inscriptions reveal that the rich of Amarna were self-made men with no pedigrees, or rather men whom the king had raised from nothing: soldiers, artists, scribes - but no priests. Most of them admit this in their tombs; in fact, they go further and claim that they were "taught" their professions by the king.
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    pandemic, possibly the plague, polio,
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    poor substitute. Egyptian religion was astonishing flexible at popular level. There was a multitude of gods which could take on different identities and attributes to meet different human and spiritual needs. They were grouped together in families or merged as composite gods in a rich mythology which covered creation, birth, death, and the afterlife. To have all this replaced by a single entity available in only one form was a cultural shock far greater than the Egyptians could absorb.
    Given the magic co-religious basis of medicine, birth, and death, the need of the Egyptian people for the old gods was practical as much as spiritual. According to Donald Redford, "the new concept of deity that Akhenaten created was rather cold. The Aten created the cosmos and keeps it going, but he seems to show no compassion on his creatures. He provides them with life and sustenance, but in a rather perfunctory way. No text tells us that the Aten hears the cry of the poor man, or heals the sick, or forgives the sinner. The reason for this as for all other conspicuous absences in the new cult is that a compassionate god did not serve Akhenaten's purpose."
    {atenmm0.jpg} Akhenaten with his wife and children
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    9:26 pm
  3. 9:20 pm
  4. page Stairs edited ... {hiero_O40.png} {014_-_Copy_(2)hdfhdfgdfrsgfs.jpg} The An amulet buried with the dead, t…
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    TheAn amulet buried with the dead, the staircase was
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    the heavens. The Pyramid Texts say “A staircase is laid for him so that he may mount up to heaven thereby.”
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    Magical Amulets
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    9:20 pm
  5. 9:17 pm
  6. page Horse edited ... {019hierohorse.jpg} {animals_horse.jpg} ... Intermediate Period. Thuthmose listed 2,000…
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    Intermediate Period. Thuthmose listed 2,000 horses and 894 chariots seized as booty during a war campaign. Always a
    {DT542hh.jpg} Whip handle in the shape of a horseSystematic breeding produced elegant and swift animals with long bodies and slender legs; speed, not power, was the main objective. A pair (team) of horses are often shown pulling a light two-wheeled chariot, requiring minimal muscular effort. Chariot races, like those held in ancient Rome, were popular, and the powerful weapon of chariotry became the pride of the pharaohs. King Tutankhamen in particular enjoyed racing - six full-sized chariots were found in his tomb.
    {DP226603.jpg} Horse motif decorating a comb
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    9:17 pm
  7. page Pigeons and Doves edited ... The Rock Pigeon, Turtle Dove, and the Laughing Dove were proverbial for their role as prey. Th…
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    The Rock Pigeon, Turtle Dove, and the Laughing Dove were proverbial for their role as prey. They were sometimes pictured in ancient Egyptian paintings and reliefs of wildlife along the Nile. A favorite food throughout Egyptian history, doves and pigeons occupied poultry yards and pens. During the Greco-Roman Period dovecotes were used, which differ little from the dove towers which dominate present-day Egyptian villages.
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    57,810 pigeons. Priests were forbidden from eating pork, pigeon, mutton, garlic, or onions. A fragment
    The Other Birds of Ancient Egypt
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    9:14 pm
  8. 9:13 pm
  9. 9:13 pm
  10. page Pig edited ... The pig appears to have been domesticated in Egypt as early as the beginning of the Old Kingdo…
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    The pig appears to have been domesticated in Egypt as early as the beginning of the Old Kingdom. Although New Kingdom scenes depict pigs treading seed into the soil, they were principally kept for their meat. Pork, like goat meat and mutton, was the meat of the middle class and was not used for offerings to the dead. The Roman author Athenaeus, who lived for a time in Egypt, recorded one way that the ancient Egyptians ate pork that may be the earliest reference to a sandwich: "Each diner is served with a loaf of pure wheat bread molded flat, upon which lies another loaf which they call oven-bread; between them is a piece of roasted swine flesh." Pork fat was used for frying and as a condiment.
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    its domains. Priests were forbidden from eating pork, pigeon, mutton, garlic, or onions.
    {Untiooipiggy.jpg} Clay model of a pig
    Pigs were kept in pens and fed grain and household scraps, and specialized farrowing units have been uncovered in the workmen's village at Amarna. Within each pen, a small walled sty confined the litter, while the sow was able to pass its high threshold into the larger feeding yard. To spare the villagers the smell, the enclosures had been sited on the south and east sides in the lee of the prevailing winds.
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    9:11 pm

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